(i) The struggle for self-government
(ii) Political rights
(iv) Nationalist opposition
(v) Constitutional conferences
(vi) Sending of delegates to London
(i) The struggle for self-government: The party encouraged the unity of
Nigerians and was foremost in the struggle for self-government in
(ii) Political rights: It educated Nigerians on their political rights.
(iii) Publications: It introduced and published the West African Pilot
which served as a powerful platform for opposing colonial rule.
(iv) Nationalist opposition: The party was the brain behind nationalists opposition to the 1946 Richard's constitution.
(v) Constitutional conferences: It took part in the most of the
constitutional conferences, eg the 1953 London constitutional
(vi) Sending of delegates to London: The part was instrumental to the
sending of delegates to London tp protest the 1946 constitution.
(i)The Press: Newspapers played an effective role in awakening the minds
of Nigerians towards the struggle for self-rule, e.g. West-African
Pilot and Lagos Daily News. This, in turn, caused an increase in the
activity of the press in the country.
(ii)Constitutional Change: Nationalism resulted in the reform of most of
the colonial constitutions. This change was necessary in order to
involve Nigerians in the affairs of the country.
(iii)Political Education: One of the effects of nationalism is the
encouragement it gave to political education and training of future
leaders. People were also educated on their political rights
(iv)Independence: Nationalism or nationalistsâ€™ activities led to the independence of Nigeria on the 1 st of October, 1960.
(v)Formation of political parties: Nationalism led to the formation of
poitical parties eg NNDP,NCNC,NPC,AG etc These parties played key roles
in de-colonisation process.
(vi)Constitutional conferences: Nationalism also resulted in Nigerians
taking part in some of the constitutional conferences both within and
outside the country. In the process,reforms were brought into the
(i)Fairness Among Different Ethnic Groups:The government should embrace
fairness in order to eliminate the issue of favoritism in Nigeria.
(ii)Removal Of Indigene And Non-Indigene Separation; For a proper
development of federalism in Nigeria, there should be a removal of
indigene and non-indigene dichotomy from the constitution. It is really
Abad idea for nation-building and national integration to see fellow
Nigerians, whom were born and may have lived in a place all their lives,
apply for a job and be rejected.
(iii)The Practice Of Fiscal Federalism; According to Chris Attah, such
practice is the panacea to the problems plaguing Nigeria and its
development. Attah said that if the government accepts fiscal
federalism, most of Nigeriaâ€™s problems would be solved.
(iv)Equal Decentralization Of Power: The federalism in Nigeria has
structured in a way that the Central government holds more power than
the state government. Which is not supposed to be so. There should be an
equal distribution of power between the federal and the state
(v)Review Of Federal Character Principles:what does this mean? It
implies mean it should not just adhere to with insincerity or with a
lenient hand rather a strict and core action should be seen to the full
implementation and allow fair entitlement among all ethnic groups in the
(vi)Promotion Of States Internal Revenue: For a well-defined federalism
to be practiced in Nigeria, each level of government should have enough
resources and funds to perform its project without appealing to the
other level of government for financial assistance.
A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a
"public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The
primary positions of power within a republic are attained, through
democracy, oligarchy and autocracy
(i) Sovereignty in the hands of the people: The power of a republican
government emanates from the people. The people elect the government
through a general election. The government of the day generally exists
for the benefit of the people. The people are dissatisfied with the
performance of the government, they can remove or replace the during the
next general elections. Sovereignty therefore lies in the hands of the
(ii) Fixed Term of Office: In a republican system of government, the
constitution prescribes a fixed term of office for the president,
usually, four years, but in some cases five or even seven years. The
mandate of the president can be renewed only once, after which the
president can no longer be constitutionally be elected. Another person
must offer him or herself to be elected.
(iii) Periodic Elections: In a republic system of government, elections
are conducted periodically and all political positions are contested for
by individuals. For example Ghana and the United States, among other
republican countries organize general elections every four years.
(iv) Universal Adult Suffrage: In a republican system of government,
elections are held on the basis of universal adult suffrage. This means
all qualified adult voters are allowed to cast their ballots.
(v) Supremacy of the constitution: In a republican system of government,
the constitution is the supreme law of the land. Any other law found to
be inconsistent with any provision of the constitution can be
challenged in the court of law. If proven, such law is declared null and
(i)Age: In some countries ,25years of age may be the minimum age for
seeking election into house of Representative and 35years of age for
presidential eg Nigeria.
(ii)Residential qualification : The candidate must have lived in the
country or community for a number of years or months as stipulated in
the constitution of the country.
(iii)Educational qualification: Educational qualification is another
condition for standing as a candidate for any election. In some
countries eg Nigeria,for any elective post eg into the parliament, the
individual must have a minimum of West African school certificate.
(iv)Payment of tax: He must be ready to provide the evidence of payment of tax at least for some years.
(v)No criminal record:He must not be found to have involved in any
criminal case or to have been imprisoned for any criminal offence.
(vi)Citizenship:Candidates for any elective post in many countries must be citizen of that country.
we Shall Be Back.....
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