Literature in English Paper II (Drama & Poetry)
After Aloho graduated from university, she was unable to secure a job. Therefore, she went in search of a job. At the cause of looking for a job, she went to stay with her friend who lives in Oannya. Aloho came across her old friend "Ochuole" who told her she will find a job for her.
Ochuole is known to be a wayward girl when they were in school. She uses what she has to get what she wants. Ochuole introduced her friend to Chief Haladu Ade Amaka when they were into fraudulent act together. Chief is a minister but a womanizer. Aloho was given a job unknowingly it was an illegal job. She was happy. Chief told her to start work the following day. Aloho was given a bag containing cocaine to travel to oversea with. She was very scared to do the job, because it is her first time travelling oversea.
On getting to the airport, her bag was searched and she was arrested. Aloho was charged of cocaine offence. Justice Odili who was incharge of Aloho's case was a corrupt man. Chief Haladu being an influential man settled Justice Odili to free Aloho.
A justice who was expected to be an epitome of tradition, norms, policy makers and law enforcement officers. He discharged Aloho of Cocaine offence which was glaring.
Lena Younger, a.k.a. Mama, totally rocks our world. She's a down-to-earth, hard-working black woman who doesn't suffer fools. Mama has dedicated her life to her children and struggles to instill her values in them with mixed results. One of Lena's most poignant moments might be when she admits to Ruth that sometimes her children frighten her. This is one of those sad and beautiful moments that make her character seem truly human. Throughout the play, Lena struggles to connect with her children, Beneatha and Walter. She's extremely worried about Walter's obsession with money and is totally disapproving of Beneatha's lack of faith in God. Mama even goes so far as to slap Beneatha in the face when the girl says that God doesn't exist. Except for the face-slap moment, Mama is mostly kind and patient with her family. Her nurturing personality is symbolized by the way she treats her houseplant. Though it is wilting, Mama loves it unconditionally. Just like her family, Lena's plant lacks the necessary resources to flourish. Rather than giving up, however, Mama does all she can for it and has faith that one day it will truly thrive. Mama's faith is put to the test near the end of the play when she entrusts Walter with the $6,500 that's left from the insurance check. At first, it seems like her trust was totally misplaced when Walter loses all of the money. However, Lena's faith is redeemed when her son refuses to accept the bribe from Mr. Lindner. In the last moments of the play, we see Mama taking pride in her children. Like her plant, they're far from perfect, but still there's hope for them yet.
(i)Dreams: the land is likened to all kinds of wild animals such as a hawk, whale and tiger. Each of these animals often throws their preys into fear and chaos. The whale, for instance, swallows other fishes in the sea, the same way the African leaders usurp the people's access to decent living standards. In the same way, the "land" is also regarded as a hawk that frustrates the people's lives as they run for dear life. As a tiger with sharp teeth, the land, Nigeria chases the people away from achieving their dreams.
(ii)Corruption: The issue of corruption in the poem may be derived from line 4, in which the land, which could be referred to as the corrupt politicians, is said to be â€œaborting dreams of a good catch.â€ When there is corruption in the land, the people suffer the most. Their progress, dreams and struggle would be rendered worthless. Nigeria is a blessed country, a land endowed with natural and human resources. But Nigerians, her people continue to live from hands to mouth, having been deprived of all the basic amenities of life such as pipe borne water, constant electricity and decent shelter.
(iii)Hopelessness: Where there is corruption on a large scale, the people become hopeless. Hopeless, they therefore resort to nefarious activities. When the people feel cheated by the people on whom they have placed their trust, they tend to vent their anger through unthinkable means. The recent cases of militancy in Nigeria and many parts of the African continents today is as a result of injustice in the form of hoplessness.
(i) The superiority of God over Man: The main theme of the poem is God's supremacy over man. The poem "The pulley" establishes the fact that God is in all ramifications superior to man. It is a fact that every human being must accept that God as Supreme Being, controls the destiny of each individual and that without Him, nothing that exists can subsist. Being the Supreme and superior God, he shows his Potency. The poem is a symbolic portrayal of the fact that man's efforts are dependent on God, his creator. The poem asserts that God knows that making man independent will lead to man abusing the independence. Thus, the tone of the poem shows God's supremacy over man. According to the poem, the lack of this gift and immorality as practically removed by God will definitely draw man back to Him to totter under his feet. This tempo is made prominent in the last stanza of the poem, "Let him be rich and weary, that at last, if goodness lead him not, yet weariness may toss him back to my breast"
(ii) Theme of Frailty of the Human Mind : Another major theme depicted in the poem is the frailty of the human mind. God, as sovereign and the creator of mankind, understands the nature of man. He knows that the mind of man is frail, that man is weak and easily susceptible to a myriad of negative, ungodly influences. God knows that man can easily be manipulated and that he could easily forget his maker if he has all his needs in life. This is why God decided to take "rest" from man to constantly remind man of his need to depend on God.
(iii) Theme of the Limitless Love of God for Man: This is another theme that is embodied in this poem, "The pulley". The poet seeks to establish this idea right from the outset, that from the time God created man, He loved man and gave him the best of everything "rest". This is because God was aware that by giving man rest, man would feel that he had no use of God anymore. Right from stanza one, the love of God for Man is very obvious. It is very obvious that he craves for man's attention and love.
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