Neco 2020 free agric answer
Neco 2020 free agric answer

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AGRIC OBJ:

1-10: EBABDCEEEC

11-20: CBECEBAEDE

21-30: EDBDBBDCEC

31-40: CAACDABABB

41-50: CADEDACCBB

51-60: DCCADDEADB

(9a)
(i)Nigerian Capital Market Serves As Link Between farmers(producer) and consumer
(ii) It encourages the processing of farm produce, into forms that the consumer desire.
(iii) The exportation of agricultural products abroad provides foreign exchange to the government and country
(iv) The sale of agricultural products can provide money or income to the farmers

(9b)
Given that 
Percentage Change in quantity = 15 -12 = 3 
3/12 x 100= 25%
Change in price = 1700-1400 =300
300/1700 x 100= 17. 65%
Elasticity = 25/17. 65 
Elasticity = 1.42


(9c)
(i)Farm settlement scheme
(ii)Operation feed the Nation
(iii)Green resolution
(iv)Agricultural development project


(9d)
(i) It includes farm and home visit
(ii)Telephone calls

(9e)
(i)Balance sheet: The balance sheet show the capital or financial position of the farm at the end of the accounting period, usually a year. In balance sheet, list of assets is on the right hand side and the list of liability or debt is on the left hand side

(ii)Farm income statement: It comprises all the farm receipts(sales) and expenses carried out on the farm out on the farm over a specified period of time. Farm income statement gives an accurate idea of the profitability of the farm


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(6ai) 
Threshing in rice processing is the process of loosening the edible part of rice grain from the husks and straw to which it is attached. It is the step in rice harvesting after reaping and before winnowing, which separates the rice grain from the chaff. Threshing does not remove the bran from the rice grain. 

(6aii)
Parboiling in rice processing involves partial boiling of the threshed unmilled rice in order to increase its nutritial value, to change the texture of cooked rice, and reduce the breakage in milling.

(6b)
(i) Yam bettle
(ii) Mole cricket 

(6c)
(i) Biological method
(ii) Cultural method
(iii) Physical method 
(iv) Chemical method

(6d)
(i) Forestry provides jobs for more than people across the world
(ii) It Provides food, medicine , timbers etc for many domestic and industrial processes
(iii) Forest helps in the stabilization of climate
(iv) Planting of forests help in the purification of air and balancing the amount of CO2 and O2 in the environment

(6e)
(i) Hibiscus tree
(ii) Birch

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(2a)
(i) Problem of land Tenure
(ii) Problems of basic Amenities
(iii) Problems of finance and poor financing
(iv) Poor transportation
(v) Poor tools and farm machines
(vi) Poor marketing system

(2bi)
Green Resolution:
(i)To ensure adequate, reliable and safe food supplies for a rapidly growing population
(ii)To become self reliant in basic food requirements

(2bii)
River Basin development Authority:
(i) It aims at improving rural infrastructure which will reduce migration to urban areas
(ii) Construction of goad roads to project sites for easy transportation

(2c)
(i) High maintenance cost of machine
(ii) It is costly to purchase
(iii) It can break down and hold - up farm work
(iv) It can destroy soil structure

(2d)
(i) Keep the chains, tapes or ropes taut
(ii) Make sure the chain is not faulty

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(3a)
Nutrient cycle refers to the movement and exchange of organic and inorganic matter back into the production of living matter. This means that nutrients are not lost to the environment but instead can be re-used.

(3b)
(i) Bush burning 
(ii) Over grazing
(iii) Leaching 
(iv) Erosion

(3ci)
(i) Good soil texture leads to high agricultural yield.
(ii) It leads to maintenance of soil quality 

(3cii)
(i) High temperature causes drought
(ii) It leads to death of animals in some instances 

(3ciii)
(i) They destroy farm produce 
(ii) They reduce the value of farm produce

(3d)
(i) Soil erosion and sedimentation
(ii) Application of fertilizer
(iii) Application of pesticides 
(iv) Bush burning

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(7ai)
Causal Organism is a severe, highly contagious viral disease of cattle and swine. It also affects sheep, goats, deer, and other cloven-hooved ruminants. Therefore, The disease is caused by a virus 

(7aii)
(i) Weight loss.
(ii) Low conception rates.

(7aiii)
Through contact with an infected person's saliva, stool, or respiratory secretions.

(7aiv)
(i) Monitor and report illness;
(ii) Appropriate disposal of manure and dead carcasses.

(7av)
Good biosecurity measures should be practiced on uninfected farms to prevent entry of the virus.

(7b)
(i) It regulate the acidity of the blood.
(ii) It control the concentrations of water and salt in the body fluids
(iii) It excrete the waste product urea

(7c)
(i) Air is sucked in through the mouth or nose.
(ii) Gas Exchange or oxygen deprived, dark blue blood is then delivered to the blood vessels of the lungs.
(iii) Muscle contraction or it requires muscular effort.

(7d)
(i) Evaluating the effects of air stress during storage on aerobic stability
(ii) Analysing the effects of exposure to air at feed-out of silage on methane 
(iii) Evaluating the effects of 6 silage additives on storage losses, silage quality.


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